Periodontal scaling and root planning is a non-surgical procedure to treat periodontal disease. The dentist or dental hygienist with numb the gums and teeth roots with a local anesthetic before starting the procedure.
Scaling - A specialized tool is used to remove the plaque build-up from the teeth above and below the gum line.
Root Planning - The rough spots on the roots of the teeth are smoothed down. This reduces any irregularities which may promote decay.
This procedure can be completed in a single visit, although this may be spread out over a number of visits to allow the gums to heal between visits.